* whenever I do something that's related to a human feature, I like to use toned paper so that I may add white highlights that will stand out really nicely.
It's also nice to have a brief understanding of the anatomy of the eye and eye socket, brow bone, etc. Google some anatomy or check out "Dynamic Anatomy" by Burne Hogarth.
I'm going to start out "LOOSELY" and lightly sketching with a 4H or 6H. None of my lines will be final until I start laying down darker shades.
Don't forget that you can see a tiny plane on your lower lid, so the lower lid will always be comprised of two lines. Not one.
Also don't forget the pupil is perfectly centered within the iris. Equal amounts of iris all the way around.
Now I like where I've laid my lines down. I'm going to start making them a little darker.
Darker darker darker....
Now that my lines are pretty much locked in and beyond erasable, I begin to build my shading values. The upper lid always casts a shadow on the eyeball. The eyeball is an orb, the outsides are darker.
Use a tortillon/blending stump (whatever you want) to soften lines and blend.
Going even darker now!!!
Darker darker darker
Going as dark as 7B now. Also adding the eyelashes. Give those beauties a nice, curved flick. Eyelashes should never ever be drawn as straight lines.
Softening and blending more. You can do this step whenever you feel it necessary.
Highlight time! I use either a white charcoal pencil/wedge or a white pastel. (Pastels come out much more rich and vibrant, and should be used sparingly)
Going back and adding more dark. At this point, you're pretty close to done. You can use the dark and white interchangeably.
Don't forget to smooth out the white in soft places too. You don't have to if it's a really stark highlight. (Like ones on reflective surfaces such as the eyeball and tear duct.)
Anddds that's all for now!
Thank you very much for watching. I hope this helps you. Send me your eye drawings at firstname.lastname@example.org!!! I want to see your progress.